pengertian if clause

Pengertian Conditional Sentence

Conditional sentence adalah complex sentence(kalimat majemuk) yang dibentuk dari subordinate clause yang diawali dengan subordinate conjunction ifberupa condition (syarat) dan main clause berupa result/consequence (hasil).

Ada 4 tipe conditional sentence yang biasa digunakan, yaitu: tipe 1tipe 2tipe 3, dan tipe 0Condition pada conditional sentence tipe 1 mungkin dipenuhi, tipe 2 tidak atau hampir tidak mungkin dipenuhi, tipe 3 tidak mungkin dipenuhi (unreal), sedangkan tipe 0 selalu terwujud karena merupakan scientific fact/kebenaran ilmiah.

Rumus Conditional Sentence

Rumus Umum

Secara umum, rumus kalimat pengandaian ini adalah sebagai berikut.

if + condition, result/consequence

atau tanpa tanda baca koma:

result/consequence + if + condition

Rumus Conditional Sentence berbagai tipe

Type Rumus Conditional Sentence
0 if + simple present, simple present
1 if + simple present, will + bare infinitive
2 if + simple past, would/could/might + bare infinitive
3 if + past perfect, would/should/could/might have + past participle

Contoh Conditional Sentence

Berikut contoh conditional sentence pada berbagai tipe sesuai dengan rumus di atas.

Type Contoh Conditional Sentence
0 If we burn paper, it becomes ash.
(Jika kita membakar kertas, itu menjadi abu.)
1 If I meet him, I will introduce myself.
(Jika saya bertemu dia, saya akan memperkenalkan diri.)
2 If it rained tomorrow, I would sleep all day.
(Jika besok hujan, saya akan tidur sepanjang hari.)
3 If you had remembered to invite me, I would have attended your party.
(Jika kamu ingat mengundang saya, saya akan hadir di pestamu.)

Negatif if + condition

Rumus: if…not dapat digantikan dengan unless.

Contoh conditional sentence: if…not dan unless:

Dengan menggunakan rumus negatif if, contoh conditional sentence seperti di bawah ini.

  • If the students do not understand, they will raise their hand to ask.
  • Unless the students understand, they will raise their hand to ask.

About rizzafebriantama

a relationship with fay
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